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The History of Yezidis in Iraq

(Yezidis) and in Kurdish language  (Iyazdi), is a religious group in the Middle East, most of them are living near Mosul in Iraq, and the other smaller groups are living in Turkey, Syria, Iran, Georgia and Armenia.
Ethnically they belong to the Kurdish origin with Indo-European roots, although they are affected by their surroundings mosaic formed by the cultures of Arab Assyrian and Syrian so that their traditional clothes for men are close to the outfit in the Arab section living near  Mosul, like in Sinjar  they wear  long White dress with headdress (White or White and Red ) in the other areas they dressed in traditional Kurdish outfit usually, but nowadays the Yezidis Like the rest of people wearing what is worn by most of the people of trendy clothes especially youth community.
Their mother  language is Kurdish, but they speak Arabic as well, especially Yezidis from Ba’shiqah near Mosul, all their prayers, rituals and religious books are all in the Kurdish language, or Mrgah Al-Shaykhan where the  home of their princes, which was named in the history books as (Marg Al- Mosul) and their Qibla is Lalish temple, where the holy shrine of (l Sheikh Adi) in northern Iraq, and Ameer Tahseen Bek  is considered as one of the most important religious people in the  Yezidi religion  in Iraq and the world.
Distribution and population:
Estimated population is about 250,000 in the world. 70,000 Yazidis living in Iraq and 30 000 others living in Syria and no more than 500 people in Turkey, where the number was more than 25 000 people in the early eighties, but most of them emigrated to Europe, and they are minorities in Armenia and Georgia where their origins are from Turkey.
There are also a small minority of the Yezidis in Iran.
Their homeland:
Yezidis were called in some historical periods as Dasnieh then after Sheikh Adi Alhkari they were known as Suhbatiah, Adawiya and Hakkari, their most famous places as mentioned in the book Sharafnameh are Ibn Umar (Bottan) Island, Mosul, Dohuk, Diyarbakir, Halab, Urfa and Khoi in Iran the princes of Denbli, but this spread has been reduced by the genocide happened by the Ottoman Empire, and the biggest gatherings are currently in:
Iraq: in the province of Nineweh / Mosul: – Sheikhan, Bashiqa, Bahzany, Shingar (Sinjar), Zammar and Alqosh
In the province of Dohuk: – Sharia (Smeal), Khank and Derabon region.
Syria: Qamishli and Afrin area and Jrahia and its affiliates.
Turkey: Mardin, Siirt, Urfa, Kars, Agri and Ardohan near the Armenian border
In Armenia: Alakz area and the villages of Ararat Mountain and in the capital Yerevan.
In Georgia: in the capital Tbilisi.
Others: Germany, Austria, United States of America and other countries.

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